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Cold War

Page history last edited by Tom Armstrong 3 years, 3 months ago

Cold War 

Cold War Survey 

 

 The Onion Explains how todays current events are connected to the past and cold war issues: http://www.theonion.com/video/onion-explains-global-nuclear-proliferation-51191

 

From Jen Martin

http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/programs/reaganlegacy-starwars/ cold war and beyond - this one could be good with foreign policy or current events given the situation between North and South Korea and the possibility of it going nuclear

 

http://dp.la/primary-source-sets/sets/the-atomic-bomb-and-the-nuclear-age 

 

 

Unit Essential Questions

  • How do countries develop and change?
  • How can a war be cold?

Big idea: As former allies become enemies, what policies, relationships, and fears did it create worldwide? 

Did the dropping of the nuclear bomb divide the allies?

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/julius-and-ethel-rosenberg-executed Rosenberg espionage case

(MAD) Mutual Assured Destruction 

 

 

Slide show on the Origins of the Cold War

http://www.slideshare.net/mrsbreedsclass/start-of-the-cold-war?qid=f12fd081-a51c-49ac-b361-41c9d0e04f0f&v=default&b=&from_search=1 

Cold War slides

http://www.slideshare.net/dmcdowell/end-of-wwii-cold-war?next_slideshow=1

 

Notes

What is the Cold War?  In your words

1. Soviet side

2. U.S. side

What is the Cold War now in your own words?

 

Purpose Statement

What are we doing? “We are looking at the influence of the Cold War on Post WWII world.”
Why are we doing it? “The geography, politics, ideologies and conflicts of today are rooted in the Cold War.”

Unit Focus

  • By definition the Cold War never officially ended but the countries, thoughts, people and ideas involved have changed
  • How the elements of BRACE indicate a cold war
  •  

 

Unit Resources

cold war ppt for notes

 

The Cold war interactive timeline Look at the timeline and information. Take the quiz at the end.

 

B.R.A.C.E. Yourselves for the Cold War!!! Use the acronym BRACE to remember each part of the unit

B - Border changes after WWII and at the end of the Cold War
R - Racing against the Soviet Union to create new technology (space & military mainly)
A - Alliances forming of the US and its allies (NATO) and the Soviet Union and its allies (Warsaw Pact) 
C - Containment of Communism aka not allowing communism to spread to other countries
E - East and West become a new way to separate ideology and politics of different parts of the world

 

Lesson 1: Introduction to the Cold War

Cold War -John Greene video or Mr. Hughes will point out Cold War Era. Almost Immediately after WWII until 1990 the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia were engaged in a conflict over ideological differences and influence in the world. 

Differences US & Soviets interactive Link showing the two sides of the Cold War.

 

Mr. Hughes introduces the Cold War (11:26):

 

 

We will start our unit on the Cold War by discussing what pitted the US against the USSR after WWII. Afterall, weren't the US and USSR allies in 1945 when the war ended?

To understand the issues that caused the Cold War we have to understand the term ideology. 


Ideology  refers to a a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy
The United States
  • Democratic
  • Free Market Capitalism
  • Free Speech
  • Freedom of the press


The Soviet Union
  • Totalitarian 
  • Government controlled Communism
  • Government controlled censorship 
  • Government owns and controls the media

Activity: Frayer Model What is the Cold War and what is not the Cold War?

What is the cold war and graphic organizer.docx

What is the cold war and graphic organizer2.docx- Has text boxes

 

Resources for Ideological Differences:

Communism vs Capitalism: Economy 1 

Communism vs Capitalism: Economy 2

Communism vs Capitalism 3

 

Democracy vs Dictatorship 1

Democracy vs Dictatorship 2

Democracy vs Dictatorship 3

 

Freedom vs Human Rights 1

Freedom vs Human Rights 2

Freedom vs Human Rights 3

 

Controlled vs Free Market 1

Controlled vs Free Market 2

Controlled vs Free Market 3

 

Equality vs Class 0

Equality vs Class 1

Equality vs Class 2

Equality vs Class 3

 

Censorship vs Free-Press 1

Censorship vs Free-Press 2

Censorship vs Free-Press 3

 

lesson 2: The World Divided: East vs West

Borders, Races, Alliances, Containment, East vs. West

After WWII peace was not exactly what the Allies thought it was going to be. Almost immediately after the war tensions in Europe were on the rise over issues like:

  • How to reorganize Europe after the war?
  • Who will be the dominant power in the region?
  • What ideology will take over the world - democratic capitalism or state led communism?


After two post-war conferences - the Yalta Conference and the Potsdam Conference -  it was clear that Soviet Russia and their former allies The United States and Great Britain did not see eye to eye on the future of Europe. A few issues were at the center of focus

  • How to divide Germany?
  • Reparations after the world?
  • Who would have the dominant influence in Europe?

 

The division of Germany

Picture
The US, France, Great Britain and Soviet Union agreed that Germany would be divided into 4 regions.
  • Each power could take reparations from the area if they wished
  • Russia was also given the right to take 10% of the industrial equipment from the western zones
  • The US, France and Great Britain focused on rebuilding Germany and fostering a democratic and capitalist ally in Europe
  • Russia focused on punishing Germany and making sure Germany could not become a threat
Picture

The Iron Curtain

Picture
Picture
Picture
East vs West
The Iron Curtain divided Europe and Asia into Eastern and Western Spheres. 
East - Pink Color - the the right of the line
  • Supported by Soviet Russia
  • Communist ideology

West - Blue in color - to the left of the line
  • Supported by the United States and Great Britain
  • Democratic ideology
  • Capitalist economies

Explore the interactive map to learn more about the relationships of Eastern and Western countries. Select two countries from the West and two countries from the East. For each country, find out what style of government the country had, who the country was friends with and if the country still shares the same characteristics and relationships. 

Activity East West Graphic Organizer

Yalta and Potsdam.docx

Maps and Graphic Organizer: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1cxnXBGY6FcyAoQVctTHf3X-6bn6aGIgSAQwUzcV4Eh0/edit?usp=sharing 

 

Lesson 3 Cold War Heats up or Gets Hot

Borders,  Races, Alliances, Containment, East vs. West

 

Korean War

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/korea_hickey_01.shtml Cold War gets hot over Korea

 

Berlin Crisis, Berlin Blockade, Berlin Airlift

Notes on the Berlin Blockade  

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/berlin-wall-built  This day in history the wall went up

 

Bay of Pigs Invasion

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-bay-of-pigs-invasion-begins Reading and video

 

Cuban Missile Crisis

http://www.history.com/topics/cuban-missile-crisis Brinkmanship of the crisis

http://microsites.jfklibrary.org/cmc/ Simulation of the 13 days of the crisis.

 

Vietnam War

http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history Reading and video.

 

Cold War Jig Saw Activity.doc  Jig saw the cold war conflicts above and share with the class.

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1yRLKApv9SphcYO0DIX8GbmVUsDBF8c105i-3iLs3gQE/edit?usp=sharing Jigsaw presentation class 1

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1SMagLF3zyPIyVOMi7Y1jBRpoku_nGQLSiDU19VdzUEc/edit?usp=sharing Jigsaw presentation class 2

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1-KT6aBTpqJkBaOjGPQcjl8wObPsRgFNENmSnNYk7jdw/edit?usp=sharing Jigsaw presentation class 3

 

 

 

 

Lesson 4              Fallout                          "What Americans Fear"                       At the Home front

Unit Essential Questions

  • How do countries develop and change?
  • How can a war be cold?

Big idea: As former allies become enemies, what policies, relationships, and fears did it create worldwide? 

 

Question: What is the cold war rhetoric about other countries and their tactics that we fear?

What is the fear that really scared Americans at the movie theater. "JAWS" kept us out of the water!!! Piranha too. 

 

Watch the Videos and takes notes on the "Fear" Comparison Chart 1984 "Red Dawn" VS. 2012 Remake "Red Dawn"

 

 What is happening? What happened?  

 

                          1984 "Red Dawn" trailer                         

 

                                  

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Qc8jJ0TjSY Tactic of invasion by Soviets in Red Dawn. 3 min. What happened.

Double Entry Diary on World War III.

 

2012 trailer "Red Dawn"

  

 

 

 

 

Total Annihilation or "MAD" Mutual Assured Response 

How well do you think the U.S. will do?

 

 

 

                                             "Fallout" 15 min video to public on Radiation from Nuclear war  

                                      

                                            http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saLwgBKJT7o

After Cuban Missile Crisis the effect was fallout shelters.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/02/neenah-wisconsin-fallout-shelter-photos_n_3200757.html Neenah family find fully stocked fallout shelter in back yard. 

 

http://wn.com/Duck_and_Cover_Cold_War_propaganda_video u.s propaganda film Bert the Turtle, "Duck and Cover"

 

Reading on worldwide effects of nuclear fallout   http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Effects/wenw_chp2.shtml  

Capt Dave's survival guide for nuclear war http://www.captaindaves.com/nuclear/

 

Exit:

 Quick Write: Do most Americans think they can survive a nuclear war? Statement, Evidence, Evidence, Evidence, Conclusion. 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tr76hNngqts what a blast looks like 

 

Lesson 5          Propaganda                    NATO   v.s.   WARSAW PACT

We will look at the mission statement of each alliance and how their goals fueled the cold war.

Unit Essential Questions

  • How do countries develop and change?

Cold War AlliancesPictureStudy the map to the right to figure out what countries joined each alliance. What do you notice?

Background: As the Soviet Union pushed to support communist governments and the United States kept true to the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan military alliances took form.

  • The United States formed NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and promised to defend any of its members
  • The Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact and promised to defend and protect members.


Why did the alliances form?
Do they still exist today?



NATO Today
Do you notice anything ironic about some of the countries that have joined NATO recently - especially since 1990?

Picture Picture

 

 

Unit Big idea: As former allies become enemies, what policies, relationships, and fears did it create worldwide? 

Definition of Propaganda- Ideas, information, or other material disseminated to win people over to a given doctrine.

Intro video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1v5QCGqDYGo Declassified anti-German video from occupied Germany after WWII to U.S. troops. 10 min. 

 

Who are NATO countries and what are their objectives? Who are the Warsaw Pact countries and what are their objectives?

We will at the mission statement of each alliance and how their goals fueled the cold war.

 

          Cold War Enemies:  NATO Chart              Cold War Enemies:  Warsaw Pact Chart                               

 

Center Example 1: NATO

Who are NATO countries and what are their objectives?

http://www.nato.int/nato-welcome/index.html NATO site with member countries and objectives

NATO- notes about NATO

http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/defense/p/NATO.htm Link on "What is NATO" below

 

Link on "What is NATO" below

http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/defense/p/NATO.htm What is NATO?

 

Center Example 2: Warsaw Pact

Who is the Warsaw Pact countries and their objectives? 

http://www.local-life.com/warsaw/articles/warsaw-pact short description of the Warsaw Pact.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyIF_C2h6rc&feature=related Soviet propaganda film 5 min. see how Soviets portray the Americans and Germans after the war?

 

Center Example 3:  Readings and video supporting NATO Propaganda against Warsaw Pact countries

http://voices.yahoo.com/how-propaganda-was-used-videos-intensify-the-7849540.html   Article on U.S. propaganda

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/house-vote-bill-normalizing-russian-trade  2012 U.S. /Russia normalize cold war trade

Share your message of propaganda with the class when done..

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w86QhV7whjs&feature=related  Are you a commie? How to be a good citizen of the U.S. 10 min. lecture.

 

Center Example 4: Readings and video supporting Warsaw Pact propaganda against NATO countries.

http://www.google.com/search?q=warsaw+pact+cartoons&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=E_1sU7ftFMumyATj64LgDw&ved=0CCUQsAQ&biw=1024&bih=674&surl=1 warsaw pact cartoons.

http://www.google.com/search?q=warsaw+pact+cartoons&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=E_1sU7ftFMumyATj64LgDw&ved=0CCUQsAQ&biw=1024&bih=674&surl=1#q=warsaw+pact+propaganda&tbm=isch warsaw pact propaganda.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XaRfwu_kdoY&feature=related  soviet Propaganda video 28 sec.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZm3vIgt9aY&feature=related  Russia is leading the way. WWII soviet film on communism leading the way to victory and peace. 10 min.

 

 Exit: Can you give examples of cold war propaganda on both sides of the cold war? We looked at the mission statement of each alliance and how their goals fueled the cold war.

Quick Quiz on Cold War.docx  

 

Races 

The two super powers compete in races for supremacy as the Cold War  moves on.

What were the races about?

Cold war museum   http://www.coldwar.org/articles/60s/space_race.asp Space race

http://www.history.com/topics/space-race/videos/space-race-cold-war-front?cmpid=mrss_int_taboola_video_his

http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/arms-race  Arms race

Three As on Races in Cold war.docx  Complete the chart on the three A's of the

 

 

Activity 6        The Red Scare 2          The Hollywood Ten                   The Cold War comes to Hollywood in the 1950's

 

Statement: Hollywood sympathized with communists to spread their doctrine of oppression through movies, writing, and entertainment according to the government. Do you agree or disagree? Give evidence.

Red Scare. HUAC, Loyalty Oaths, McCarthyism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ix5OScqjpRo 10 min Mr. Hughes on McCarthyism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJzV6-wJ3SQ 3:50 Hollywood accused of communism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=taancRcLQ8o 15 min. documentary of Hollywood 10

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-red-scare-comes-to-hollywood  On this day red scare came to Hollywood

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/05/roosevelt-high-school-und_n_1255842.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003#assignment         Communism v Capitalism Worksheet.pdf

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1TfKgdqX4b4q-Tw1ICnlb6HRhj_12_Bv606nEjsdw8CI/edit?usp=sharing Google doc 1

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SEOs2hbU-OkIfyUr78OTQ0UDhE4hf0fJacO08s8tQ_M/edit?usp=sharing Google doc 2

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1KJq6Nf4NHtLaX7pFnQjGPs_Dx8gFK9GSMfDmBOitUEY/edit?usp=sharing Google doc 3

Exit: What message comes from Hollywood today?

Make a top 10 list of the messages you think come out of Hollywood now that the Cold War is over?

Top Ten List template.docx Place your answers on this list.

 

 

 

Final Assessment for Cold War 

Question: Is Cuba a threat to U.S. freedom and safety or is resistance to accept them lingering Cold War payback by some U.S politicians?

      -Look at the Cold War and its incidents. 

      -See how countries develop and change?

     - Think about how a war can be hot or cold?

Big idea: As former enemies become allies, what policies, relationships, and fears will it create in this country or worldwide? 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yTTLY2Zxicw 4:00 Why do we hate Cuba?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MUus0RinpbA 2:32 Obama to remove Cuba from terror list.

Directions:

Read the article

Write a paragraph answering the question above. Statement about cold war and Cuba, evidence, evidence, evidence, evidence, final conclusion on Cold War.

 

GOP Blasts Obama’s Cuba Decision: ‘Befriending Our Enemies’

 

Look at the Cold War, its incidents, and whether we should hold it against Cuba. 

 

1 point for not there yet but close

2 points demonstrates understanding of cold war philosophy 
     

See how countries develop and change and if Cuba has or not

 

1 point for not there yet 2 points demonstrates cold war issues
     

Think about how a war can be hot or cold and if it applies to Cuba?

1 point for not there yet 2 points demonstrates what a cold war is.

 

 

Summative Assessment

 

Students will...

 

  • Apply elements of B.R.A.C.E. to post-Cold War issues

 

  • Explain how the Cold War still affects the modern world

 

Thinking Like a Historian

 

  • Change and Continuity

 

  • Using the Past

 

  • Through their Eyes

 

Summative assessment: Is a Cold War still going on today? An article analysis

 

  • Apply elements of B.R.A.C.E. to one of the following global conflicts

 

  • Students will select 2 of the current event articles to analyze. Students must complete the following task

  

  • Identify and explain the element of Brace that the article most relates to

 

  • Topic Choices

 

  • Isis and the spread the Caliphate

 

  • Russia/Ukraine/NATO

 

 

  • Cuba normalization

 

 

 

 

 

 

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