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1930's and the Great Depression New

Page history last edited by Tom Armstrong 1 year, 4 months ago

The Great Depression

Great Depression Unit completion chart.docx  


What are we doing? "We are studying the causes, effects and solutions of economic depressions."
Why are we doing it? "We want to gain the knowledge and skills to prevent another economic depression in America."


Introduction to depression by stories

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpfY8kh5lUw 27:46 National archives on great depression

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Lk6K_X1D5QYDv9ePtKipMOIvtE6848lKRiGFolVaEL8/edit?usp=sharing Tell the story on this DOC


When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand the causes of the Great Depression?

2. understand how the nation was affected by the depression and the policies to help the nation recover from it?

3. apply how the U.S economy can experience an economic decline at any time?


https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/143lQ-Tsw0yzb7DRxyV-JTSp-E1fLWKCLIDX7NFhF1AU/edit?usp=sharing PP slide show on the Great Depression Unit.



4 main causes of the Depression in US. It is also world wide

  1. Buying on Credit consumer goods. Involves farmers, households, banks, industry.

  2. Uneven distribution of wealth between rich and poor. Involves Unions, factory workers, farmers, immigrants, city dwellers.

  3. Speculative Investment in stocks (buying on margin). Banks and investors.

  4. Too much overproduction of goods and foods. Farmers, factory workers, RR, unemployed.




Great Depression vocabulary

  1. BUST - buying on credit, uneven distribution of wealth, speculative investment, too much production

  2. Stock/shares/bonds

  3. Government Intervention (priming the pump, economic stimulus)

  4. Bank Holiday

  5. Unemployment rate

  6. Oakie

  7. Three Rs

  8. Alphabet Soup

  9. Hooverville

  10. Fireside Chats 



Activity 1

Recession vs depression, Do you know the difference?

Image result for chart showing a recession to a depression?

What is a recession? causes?

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1KAIT4WudPTC2ENmlwBgm_ktpO09v_H6G76fww_6K1IQ/edit?usp=sharing recession

What is a depression causes?

https://docs.google.com/document/d/14BF441GMDbCSndNxXpX5VD7jj9a6xZ424Dwzf9W_bko/edit?usp=sharing recession vs depression


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PvX1Cih3QJSg28cUFmonVuxuhUQ-4SiJIyzb6o1ANCQ/edit?usp=sharing ACTIVITY DOC ON RECESSION VS DEPRESSION 




What happened?

A depression is part of a business cycle that normally follows a period of prosperity, heavy (wartime) consumption, overextention of credit, overproduction, and speculation. It is often accompanied by a financial panic (October 24th, 1929) or crash (October 29th, 1929, Black Tuesday). 

The Key word is "over" when looking at the Depression


Over confidence the roar of the 1920's would never end, prosperity would never end, the U.S. world power would never end.



Image result for pictures of the great depression

As Roaring as the 1920's was, the decade was over, it crashed (October 29th, Black Tuesday) the bottom fell out ! The bill came due!

1. Over borrowing on consumer goods, farms, stocks created a banking crisis.

2. Over production by an aging industrial base with limited markets for their goods.

3. Over speculation in the stock market lead to over confidence and  "buying on margin."

4. Over profit taking by a few so the gap between the rich and poor grew to an unhealthy uneven distribution of wealth.


Top 5 causes of the depression reading. Go over together.

Great Depression 5 causes.pdf



Show Video and do organizer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCQfMWAikyU 15:00  John Greene introduction to the Depression

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSDFalEcLAw&list=PL47F868B521713645&index=90 10:00 Mr hughes explains Great Depression.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hoover Was the Depression Hoovers fault? What was Hoovers reaction to the economic downturn?


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ElCmz0BTnbVz9jS998O0GYviukXvjwXW-XypdTodlCM/edit?usp=sharing Organizer for videos.


Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression and why do they happen over and over again?


The Great Depression 

Big question: What caused the great depression? What influence was the great depression on the country?


There were many things that made the 1920's Roar. Now its over. Predict, identify what will change in the 1930s ? On the DOC, write down a few things that roared in the 20's and fell flat in the 1930's? Include your name.

Remember the 1920 themes: technology, spending, social changes, dark side, economic, political. All roared.

What do you know best or worse about the Depression?

Great Depression 

class 1 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1UNbIVlwlwKTcODuqXFpc5CA0U3ZwNnVpsuGQF90NBeg/edit?usp=sharing Presentation on depression

Class 2 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/13gdU05ZGoUlbgFWicQe70ztD9r9qxBDQuvI51HvOfOc/edit?usp=sharing 

CLass 3 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1HD2eZvowC16r9CmCYMyRORlrONo6DHHUEmaC0WM_dLU/edit?usp=sharing 

Class 4 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1YcW16miXuz8IANyrmXn2gpx-ZxuDW5QfNtAt_X3RtBA/edit?usp=sharing 


- What do you know about the great depression?

- What is a key phrase you can connect to the great depression?

- Discuss where the roaring 1920s end and the Great Depression begins



Exit ticket: What stuck with you today about the causes or hardships of the Great Depression? Post sticky on the smart board?Quick write



Activity 2 

Big question: What were the causes and effects of the great depression? 

Reading on the causes and effects of the great depression http://www.ushistory.org/us/48.asp


Organizer on the reading about the causes https://docs.google.com/document/d/1JLhKMBKFM-4E9Qk7GTqdZ99ZTnoTqzXKo1oNAhrHjNU/edit?usp=sharing 


Organizer on what were the effects on the US during the Great Depression 



When unit is over can you...?

do one formative assignment

1. understand the causes of the Great Depression?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FXNziew6C9A 54:00 video on the causes of the Great Depression.

Name the 5 causes of the Depression?



Admit slip: Take sheet of paper

1. Write what caused the great Depression

2. Who was the president at the start of the depression?

3. What did that president do for the economy?

4. What role do you think the government should have in an economic decline, more money pumped into the economy or let it level itself out?

5. Discuss


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1HmnKvPvLpkLo6vg3wvMM6ZqaClRn2RndTCMua2zIHwU/edit?usp=sharing  comment on the activity here.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1NWTmjLaGnBGVbKq2cFSEo6Z3ea91RaB62IDHdSA5V4s/edit?usp=sharing comment on activity here


Activity 3  Simulation of Depression 

Big question: What caused the great depression? What effects did it have?

Prezi on depression situation https://prezi.com/ohpf_wx8bezb/the-great-depression-simulation/ play and answer questions at the end.

http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/20sfood.html Prices for goods for Prezi


interactive game

http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/dustbowl/interactive/#homestead dust Bowl simulation


Big Question: How did life styles change from the 1920's to the depression?

Simulation on Great Depression

great depression simulation.pdf



another similation

https://greathistoryteaching.wordpress.com/2016/02/22/quick-and-easy-great-depression-simulation/ 20 minutes


Exit: Who thrived and who didn't during the depression? How was that different from the 1920's for the same groups of people? What was life like for those who lived during the Depression?





American History  
Causes of the Great Depression  
http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/index.php?lid=558&type=student Where did all the money go? simulations, reading and questions.

http://www.studystack.com/flashcard-1856561   Study stack on the causes of the Great Depression 


Hoover vs FDR on presidencies to fight the Depression





Activity 4  DBQ on the causes and effects of the depression 



Grapes of Wrath (1).mp3 Song on Grapes of wrath



Activity 5                  Through the Eyes of the Children


What Were the Effects of the Great Depression? Look at the literature.

http://dp.la/primary-source-sets/sets/the-grapes-of-wrath-by-john-steinbeck  Grapes of Wrath


Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression, why do they happen, and what effects does it have?


Activity - Jigsaw Children of the Great Depression.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/12EzztBR1G7qWoLyn5lDxlLnM1Ed427fZPgxI3AOXyc8/edit?usp=sharing organizer for your notes and presentations.


Go to power point for notes, pictures, or reference materials



1. Each person will be assigned Chapters on the Great Depression.   Each student  will need to complete google slides on your reading.

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1g8QcSHEWzbmf3q_32XqBcM3vIHU-jDvPllszc4PSBec/edit#slide=id.p Class 1

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1kiZiQKOYMCBVhhZFlL0bG4mY4mnFbFGCZgFralH8B8M/edit?usp=sharing Class 2

Class 3 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1FliyO9nL_AhoymZPTgx10ppGlKooVVe5mpZ1uZljg_M/edit?usp=sharing 

Class 4 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10DLNeY5ykctQ-o61X8-9DDZ2aJYjVXq79KP-ZP2siQM/edit?usp=sharing

2. Once you complete reading your assigned chapters and chapter 8, summarize what you read on a google slide. Find additional pictures or another story using another source to further give you information to present about the book topic.

3. Find more images, in the book, that clearly represents the focus of the chapter, cause and effects, through their eyes, using the past, turning points, etc, of their readings. Label them with a heading, put page number and paragraph to find it in book,  and why you chose those images and information to represent the Depression.

3. You will need to share your findings with the class.


Quiz on causes of the Depression

Chapter Topics

Collapse of New York Stock Market 

Da y to Day Life


Farming and Migrant Workers
Dust Bowl


Boxcar Kids

Entertainment   of Children of the Great Depression


Everyone reads Chapter 8

Optimism and hope for the future of Children of the Great Depression

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1gO80hMi7XYRw0mYWCVFaR9-b0F7xzC9XdL1GQCpsDlU/edit?usp=sharing Dolly Parton song on the coat of many colors


Quick Write: What is one enduring picture, story, or image that will stick with you forever about the Depression?



Activity 6                      New Deal

Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression and why do they happen?


New Deal- The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States between 1933 and 1939. It responded to needs for relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression.


https://livingnewdeal.org/map/ Interactive New Deal Map Activity


What needs to be done to relieve the misery of the poor,unemployed and hurting, recover from the depression economically and reform the economy so it does not happen again?

Relief, Recovery, Reform 

First 100 Days, Second 100 Days,

Fireside Chats

Expansion of Government

Pump priming 

Alphabet soup of programs.


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1imDVBdRsItKSL9FgrkoG6-VCxZG3WsH_alPx1NaQm6w/edit?usp=sharing Reading and questions on the New Deal and Second New Deal.


New Deal for you song and cartoon.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjFPJp3lNCo 3:31 


Mr Hughes video on New Deal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QPNmdeaPNZI&list=PL47F868B521713645&index=93 10:00


https://www.tva.gov/About-TVA/Our-History/Built-for-the-People/The-Lost-Towns-of-Pickwick TVA towns sacrificed for the Nation.


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PUQu5hOKCkLC8gxfICsOebMCqM4wveWME8x-qLnWP1Q/edit?usp=sharing   three column New Deal Chart on Relief , Recovery, Reform. Use the alphabet soup links below.

depression alphabet soup DOC031015.pdf  Government New Deal programs worksheet 1933-35.

depression alphabet_soup of programs.pdf More government New Deal programs 1933-35.

https://quizlet.com/133953567/apush-exam-review-the-second-new-deal-programs-flash-cards/ Second New Deal 1935-38


Quick write: What is the New Deal?



Here is the link to the New Deal video John Greene https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bMq9Ek6jnA 

New Deal organizer for videos.doc Organizer for video on New Deal.


Exit: 6 word essay on the New Deal





Activity 7        Art of the Great Depression 

Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression and why do they happen?

Activity on Plymouth Murals at the post office

Many communities like Plymouth are trying to preserve the art that was created as part of the New Deal.


1934: The Art of the New Deal

An exhibition of Depression-era paintings by federally-funded artists provides a hopeful view of life during economic travails

https://www.history.com/topics/great-depression/artists-of-the-new-deal Artists paid by the government in New Deal.

http://www.wpamurals.com/ a state by state data base of New Deal art


Plymouth Post office and other art  

Great depression art reading DOC022315.pdf

great depression art organizer DOC022315.pdf



Activity 8 DBQ on the New Deal and the CCC






Activity 9 Causes/solutions of the Great Depression (New Deal) 1930's and Great Recession (T.A.R.P.) 2008.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GPOv72Awo68 11;08  2008 CRASH video 

https://www.citizen-times.com/story/news/local/2018/03/03/10-year-mark-since-great-recession-began-memories-hardship-linger-wnc/329071002/ Stories about life during the recession 2007


Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression and why do they happen?


Essential question :  What is government intervention?

What kinds of government intervention are there?

What is considered acceptable?


Great Depression 

New Deal

Rescue plan to give relief, recovery, and reform to collapsed economy.


Review the power point slides on the causes of the Great Depression

Power point for notes

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/19Xn5uXAChKSY17xaP5Cf11H0H7K1ly65Lso0sKX3PrI/edit#slide=id.g7af145628_10Power powerpoint of the recession v.s. depression

Use the blank copy and use the cut descriptions to complete the 5 causes of the depression.

Great depression blank activity How and now.docx  all reasons how depression started


Great Recession



Financial rescue plan aimed at restoring liquidity to the financial markets.

Too Big To Fail- banks and institutions that were considered a key to dragging down the whole economy if they went bankrupt or closed down totally.

The "too big to fail" theory asserts that certain corporations, particularly financial institutions, are so large and so interconnected that their failure would be disastrous to the greater economic system, and that they therefore must be supported by government when they face potential failure.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2019/02/15/we-going-into-recession-do-red-flags-signal-slowing-worse/2874711002/ 5 red flags why we are heading for another recession 2019


http://projects.propublica.org/bailout/list TARP bailout list. Scroll and discuss.

http://www.nbcnews.com/id/29900110/ns/business-stocks_and_economy/t/bailout-acronym-soup-handy-guide/#.VrtbbE3JC1s Alphabet soup of TARP

Question: What similarities are there to the Great Depression v.s. TARP?

http://money.cnn.com/news/storysupplement/economy/bailouttracker/ TARP bailout list

https://www.cbpp.org/research/economy/the-financial-crisis-lessons-for-the-next-one This is the research on what would have been the impact to our economy without the TROUBLED ASSET RELIEF PLAN

Question:  When the country faces another economic downturn, what will be the cause, effects, and solution for it?


Farm Bailout 2019

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-19/farmers-say-trump-s-28-billion-bailout-isn-t-a-solution?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=socialflow-organic&cmpid=socialflow-twitter-business&utm_content=business&utm_source=twitter Trump farm Bailout is twice the cost of TARP


Activity 9 or part of final assessment

Show class this introduction video,

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9lN2vspgNc   8:47 min. video comparing the economic hardship of 2009 to 1930's. 4:22 mark recession. 6:50 mark comparing the two.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Q0fSkuISYKHcJaVEMZExBo6ccpLAXw4cGCmThxVl9uE/edit?usp=sharing Cut ups for the How

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1QZLdfwcH-xwMh_UqLAT6TSAYUNOnOBxoI7rXQ6uH8mw/edit?usp=sharing Sheet with 5 blank how.



https://docs.google.com/document/d/1vWd3-4VZ52rwSqPYlFduQYBxowYiBHIuSS00rO6Fvm8/edit?usp=sharing Whole activity


Formative organizer on comparison of the two economic downturns



https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/personalfinance/states-where-the-middle-class-is-disappearing/ss-BBTPqje?ocid=spartanntp_edu middle class shrinking in these states

When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand the causes of the Great Depression?

2. understand how the nation was affected by the depression and the policies to help the nation recover from it?

3. apply how the U.S economy can experience a depression at any time?


Quiz on the New Deal 


Final Assessment for Great depression

Use the organizer below to compare the Great Depression of the 1930's to the great recession of 2008.



Essential Unit Question: What is an economic depression and why do they happen?


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eTsn8rfvgkUrG7lP6GWa_YXbC6bJIuTNpBoQHg1N-nc/edit?usp=sharing Use this organizer for assessment.


Depressionrecession Final Activity differentiated.docx Ask teacher to use this other version.




Three Stooges 1935

When finished enjoy a three stooges episode. The three stooges could never find work and were always lacking during the great depression. See how they coped.


Look for references to 1920's: Flappers, prohibition, golf, automobiles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K-jyLtty9cg&list=PLkYT_1YRCqfjkwPkCeX4cVxycH8zSC3hH&index=5 Three Stooges "The Three Beers" 1935


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