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The Roaring 1920's New

Page history last edited by Tom Armstrong 4 months, 1 week ago

 The 1920's


When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand what made the 1920's roar?.

2. understand how the 1920's was a turning point in many ways for U.S. history?

3. apply how the 1920s influenced the future of the nation?




  Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 




1920s Vocabulary

  1. Flapper Girl

  2. Fundamentalism

  3. (Renaissance) Harlem Renaissance

  4. Consumerism 

  5. Installment Buying

  6. Organized Crime

  7. Red Scare

  8. Great Migration

  9. Professional Celebrity (actor, athlete, author, musician etc.)


What is special about the 1920's?    

  The 1920s were an age of dramatic social and political change. For the first time, more Americans lived in cities than on farms. The nation’s total wealth more than doubled between 1920 and 1929, and this economic growth swept many Americans into an affluent but unfamiliar “consumer society.” People from coast to coast bought the same goods (thanks to nationwide advertising and the spread of chain stores), listened to the same music, did the same dances and even used the same slang! Many Americans were uncomfortable with this new, urban, sometimes racy “mass culture”; in fact, for many–even most–people in the United States, the 1920s brought more conflict than celebration. However, for a small handful of young people in the nation’s big cities, the 1920s were roaring indeed.


http://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties 1:34 video on what made the decade roar


Politics and life of the 1920s

Red scare- communism, anarchists, political radicals, foreigners, immigrants, and labor activists.

"Normalcy" and "Isolationism"- Republicans return to policies like before Progressive Era, KKK rises again, high tariffs, immigrant quotas, reparations, scandal.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/20/us/politics/trump-resurrects-dark-definition-of-america-first-vision.html?_r=0 Trump ushers in "America First" policy.

Standard of living- Industry and technology flourish. Labor unrest. Auto, movies, music, consumer goods, etc.

Prohibition- Fight the Moral decay of society. Gambling, prostitution.

Science and religion clash- fundamentalism, scopes trial, flappers, double standard, family.

Heroes- Compulsory education, sports, movie stars, musicians, writers, fads, news.




Activity 1

Introduction to the 1920s

Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1lfNn4AJblWUn4jD8T92EDLZ4gSugnPxWfa06XVt-ZKY/edit?usp=sharing Readings and Videos and questions



Activity 2 

Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VfOR1XCMf7A 13:28 John Greene on 1920s.

 Watch the video, Look for examples of Technology, Change, Fundamentalism, Counter Culture.

 Make an inference on what made the decade roar?

 Share your inference.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Lqty_hPu_-AkhcTMq-Zcx_ptQZ6E7VYYwyJE4T9clec/edit?usp=sharing inference on what made the decade roar.



Activity 3      Dark side of the 1920's



DBQ How people lived in the 1920's




Activity 4

Statement: The 1920's was a mostly reactionary decade. See how these 4 major themes of the decade split the country between traditional and modern.

1. Power Point on 1920s technology

2. 1920s economy.pdf Read how the technology divided the 1920s economy into the have and have nots, Rural vs urban, poor vs middle class, two Americas emerge in the 1920's.



Major Reactionary Themes- What made the Decade roar?

Directions: React to each side of the 1920's by capturing the best of the decade for each theme below. 4 slides minimum. 

Use visuals and pictures

Use quotes

Use use descriptions

Use headlines


Class 1 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1-Nlrw25aaYm1GYy1c0v9uY8DgEmxFB-AXRjWl-ZL2G8/edit?usp=sharing 

Class 2 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1c0lLrG9BGXArW1iJJayQsBtn8jHssFflrmBZ2-0X0m8/edit?usp=sharing 

Class 3 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1fZA8WJnRN7mNyvOhAteUBgT5EzB0gWdy_PytmKmLcew/edit?usp=sharing 

Class 4 https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1F1mZr9ssOp-b8eXBk00ei17ws42Je0WnYiL40wg_mho/edit?usp=sharing 



Theme Example 1     Advancements in Technology change how Americans live.

Consumerism and mass culture from coast to coast arises.

Advertising in magazines, newspapers, catalogs, and on the radio spreads technology to the masses. 

Source 1 http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/inventions-in-the-1920s.htm 

Source 2 https://www.history.com/topics/inventions/automobiles 

Source 3 https://www.google.com/search?q=sears+catalogue+1925&safe=vss&rlz=1C1GCEB_enUS813US813&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=

2ahUKEwj3lqjh5PXfAhVjzIMKHaCIAMAQsAR6BAgEEAE&biw=988&bih=584 catalog examples for mass culture. 


Theme Example 2                             Finally a Social Life! 

Suffrage, social, and political power.

Women and African Americans



Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 

Source 1 https://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/flappers Women 

Source 2Alice Paul Article.pdf Shortened version of article.


Organizer of womans suffrage article on Alice Paul.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGyB3tV9kU0 2:15 Trailer for Alice Paul movie "Iron Jawed Angels"

Source 3 https://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/harlem-renaissance African Americans

Source 4  https://ehistory.osu.edu/sites/ehistory.osu.edu/files/mmh/clash/Imm_KKK/Immigration%20Pages/Subnarratives/SaccoandVanzetti.htm Immigrants 


Jazz Age-The Jazz Age was a post-World War I movement in the 1920s from which jazz music and dance emerged. Although the era ended with the outset of the Great Depression in 1929, jazz has lived on in American popular culture.

DBQ Harlem Renaissance


Harlem Renaissance- http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/harlem-renaissance 



Theme Example 3  Conflict: Social Change vs Social traditions divides Americans  


 Fundamentalism vs Modern, old vs new,  Conservative vs liberal

Rural Americans

Urban Americans


Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 


Social norms about dress, behavior, language and traditional roles were evolving


Flappers- a decade of over indulgences and excess!   

http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/a/flappers.htm  reading about many characteristics of Flappers

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3svvCj4yhYc 6:25 video showing flappers 

Culture War: Country vs. City, Tradition vs. Modernity

The rapid pace of technological, economic, and cultural change during the Roaring Twenties provoked a considerable backlash among those Americans left behind by modernity—farmers deprived of any economic gains from the new economy, nativists beset by New Immigrants, Christian fundamentalists angered by Darwinian challenges to the literal word of god, traditional moralists offended by the escapades of flappers and appalled by the illegal boozing of the speakeasy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopes_Trial Creationism vs Evolution trial 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/feb/11/scott-walker-special-relationship-trade-cheese-republican-chris-christie Wisconsin Governor avoids evolution question.

Question: Is the governor a fundamentalist? 



Theme Example 4   Dark side of 20's from crime, corruption, or moral decay. Counter cultures.


Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 

Some things are positive and others are not so positive but still make a decade roar.

Moral decay, drinking , gambling, speakeasies

Crime, gangsters, bootleggers

Political corruption

Red scare

1. Political cartoons of corruption-https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=1920s+political+corruption&qpvt=1920s+political+corruption&qpvt=1920s+political+corruption&qpvt=1920s+political+corruption&FORM=IGRE 

2. Story of Izzy and Moe and the support for prohibition.

- Government contributed to failure of prohibition by under funding its enforcement.

3.  20130304125244153[1].pdf Prohibition in Sheboygan county

4. 1920s The Dark Side .pdf  read about the dark side of the 1920's

5. Socco and Vanzetti and the Red Scare https://www.mass.gov/info-details/sacco-vanzetti-the-red-scare-of-1919-1920 

6. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/tulsa-race-riot-massacre-possible-mass-grave-found-greenwood-black-wall-street-2019-12-17/ Tulsa race riots. Mass grave, hundreds killed.

7. https://time.com/5751321/archeologists-possible-mass-grave-1921-tulsa-race-riots/?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=editorial&utm_term=u.s._&linkId=79241180 Tulsa mass grave


What is it? 

Counterculture - Wikipedia

A counterculture (also written counter-culture) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores. A countercultural movement expresses the ethos and aspirations of a specific population during a well-defined era.


How does this definition apply to making the 1920's roar? Is it a positive or negative reflection on the decade?


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1DocdaJhgF2r0ikc-jNArhPOttR_9ZUYB0k4tPeV_zE4/edit?usp=sharing   User this Organizer with the above 4 stations.



 When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand what made the 1920's roar?.

2. understand how the 1920's was a turning point in many ways in U.S. history?

3. apply how the 1920s influenced the future of the nation?



Summative assessment

Unit question: What makes a decade roar? 


Give before the start of the presentation for the gallery walk.

Roaring Twenties Assessment.docx  Organizer for preparation to gallery walk.

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1iuRnBlXZT88UuPaCEbv28A36WJk9A-OjwAV8bpoIoM4/edit#slide=id.p  Class 1


https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1X62H_Tel4NeZiqI6DvQp1IqbW2qq1PS6cLSUysmbE7A/edit#slide=id.p Class 2


Give during the gallery walk to complete at end of the presentations.

Roaring Twenties Assessment Write-up.docx


Rubric for the gallery walk

Roaring 1920s rubric for gallery walk 2.docx


http://www.bagtheweb.com/b/whUWSM  Online sites for presentations.


Gallery Walk Step by Step Instructions.docx What is a gallery walk?






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