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Progressive Movement

Page history last edited by Tom Armstrong 6 months, 2 weeks ago


Progressive Era


Image result for progressivism images 

What are we doing? "We are studying the goals, methods and outcomes of reforming society."

Why are we doing it? "Progressive reform is a constant part of the evolution of society."


When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand why there was a Progressive Era.

2. understand how the issues were exposed and changed because of muckraking journalism?

3. apply how progressivism is still relevant today?

Gilded Age Vocabulary

  1. Monopoly

  2. Robber Baron

  3. Vertical/Horizontal Integration

  4. Political Machine

  5. Unionization

  6. Muckraker

  7. Gilded

  8. Trust Busting

  9. Progressive 

  10. Reform


Progressive belief

The Progressive era changed U.S. society permanently; every aspect of modern American life still shows the impact of the reformers of the era. But what did they want? And why did they want it? The belief of all Progressives - that we really could end all human suffering - was the inspiration for a massive overhaul of American life.


Definition of Progressivism- The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States, from the 1890s to the 1920s. The main objectives of the Progressive movement were eliminating problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and corruption in government.


Example of a need for progressive era

On March 25, 1911, a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York City. The factory workers, most of them immigrants, nearly all women, ran for the doors to exit, only to find them locked from the outside. The workers crowded to the rooftops and on window ledges as fire engines arrived only to find that neither their hoses nor their ladders could reach high enough to help. Many of the workers (60, by one estimate) chose to jump to their deaths rather than face the fire inside.

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire was one of the worst industrial accidents in U.S. history. The idea that 248 people might die in such a senseless, seemingly preventable way was a matter of outrage for many Americans. Why had the doors been locked? How could this have happened? The calls to action that followed were emblematic of a spirit of reform that had swept across the U.S. around the turn of the century. This movement, 'Progressivism', would go on to fundamentally change the nation, as well as create a permanent shift in what Americans expected from their governments.

As an idea, Progressivism generally refers to the belief that government or people acting on its behalf can be used to address social problems, inequalities, or inequities facing the nation. As a political term, the Progressive Party was born in 1912 in light of this idea.


Progressive Platforms( Republicans) 1900-1917

Urban reforms- Corruption, crime, disease, fire.           

Workers rights- Minimum wage, 5 day work week, 8 daily hours, 40 hour week, safety

Women's rights- suffrage, pay.

Industrial reforms-end monopolies, trusts, strike breaking

Conservation- parks and pollution

Food and drugs- safety, USDA, FDA

Moral reforms- prohibition, fundamentalism




How is it important to you? "Everyone should be able to identify what constitutes Progressivism and its effects."


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFlOLyMwnjU  15 min. links industrialization and its corruption and conflict for the need to reform. 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FPkuCNSd4X9d2V2OEL640UcUAIjdCfhiZiN4MvvPGIM/edit?usp=sharing  Use this Doc


 Essential Question: What constitutes progressivism?

Image result for progressivism images


Introduction:  Progressive_Era intro and amendments.pptx Let's View this power point as a preview of the unit. Feel free to review it after the unit is done.  


Activity 1 

What is progressivism?


Use progressivism organizer from above




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfUYi8ehLMk 1:49 introduction of progressivism

Progressive era concept map.docx Do this organizer on muckrakers

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6_mx6zAqyMM 10:00 Progressive Era Mr Hughes



https://docs.google.com/document/d/1V8i4UBCtoSm6G1XY6z6LwfrLSE3Wyy67sa58UAAEPss/edit?usp=sharing Quick write on Progressive Era

Quick Write: What is Progressive in respects to a progressive Era? Paragraphs







Activity 2


Part 1 

What is a muckracker?

A spirit of reform marked the Progressive Era from around 1900 to 1917. It was in this spirit that muckrakers, who were influential journalists, worked to reveal injustices and oversights in society to Americans. Learn how muckrakers raised awareness of America's social, economic and political problems.

Who Were the Muckrakers?

I don't know about you, but it's hard for me to pass up a good piece of investigative journalism. This is especially true if a villain goes down or if an underdog triumphs. Sensational news stories aimed at uncovering the truth or exposing corruption grab the public's attention and often bring about change for the better.

In keeping with the mood of the Progressive Era (from around 1900-1917), the pen was used to combat social ills and evils and made calls for reform. Sensational, jaw-dropping articles were written by journalists who set out to investigate and reveal wrong-doing and to prompt American society to fix social, economic and political problems. Popular magazines, such as McClure's and Cosmopolitan, competed for readers and fueled the push for the provocative material. The bottom line for publishers was: the more shocking, the better.

Theodore 'Teddy' Roosevelt, president of the United States from 1901-1908, nicknamed these investigative journalists muckrakers. He borrowed the term from John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, in which a rake was used to dig up filth and muck. The term caught on, and many journalists were proud to be considered muckrakers. Muckrakers presented problems to the American public in such a way as to invoke moral outrage and prompt citizens to take action.

Muckraking Targets

Muckrakers targeted many turn-of-the-century injustices brought on by the large increase of immigrants, the rapid growth of the cities, unregulated big business and the influence of political machines, as well as many other social problems.

Journalists described immigrant ghettoes and the poor living conditions of tenement housing. They revealed the high number of industrial accidents and advocated for tougher health and safety standards. Muckrakers condemned exploitation of child labor and white slave traffic in women. Corruption in business, including unfair trusts, insurance fraud and dangers of patent medicines, were exposed. Muckrakers also criticized abuses of power in politics and government.

In many cases, muckraking articles took on a very serious nature. Magazine editors would often go to great lengths to check the facts as they were reported in their publications. Some muckrakers even lived in the slums they wrote about or worked in the factories they investigated. The factual nature of the muckrakers' articles leant credibility to the message the authors were sending to the American readers.

Progressive Era Muckrakers[1].pdf list of journalists and the topic.



   muckraker pdf.pdfshort reading on muckrakers


Progressive Era and Muckrakers 


http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-muckrakers-of-the-progressive-era-definition-and-influence.html#lesson  1:40


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1gkqME4178AEpnQmXF6bZmgNaNEsgRNQaeK3p8ZevQVo/edit?usp=sharing Death reforms DOC

Ralph Nader

Jamal Khashoggi

James O'Keefe

Greta Thurnberg



Activity: Frayer Model frayer_model progessive era 2.docx

Just how much reform was needed?





Part 5

Activity on "The Jungle"

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1o2ONTcCa_2B3S7k_ns3-9pVkuI3tjzGLTqsgajY0CQY/edit?usp=sharing Three excerpts from the jungle.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1s0RuAWiHaQHVe_nI1mNe_QECZd1rSWdbQXch7_WnBMI/edit?usp=sharing Class 1 Responses about the jungle excerpts

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1E6J2DUa6ThG_5H_XV3EpNRsUDHwTVEvz59ChJim_t0Y/edit?usp=sharing Class 2 Responses

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1r9THjEXUyKhRv74bDWtd3mQ4krRtfyJj6uyU-QkSAWA/edit?usp=sharing Class 3 Responses


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vY0hyPjGjBE 22:57 Great Books "The Jungle"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHF_BWfSPik 2:25  Trailer for Jurgis of the "Jungle"


Exit slip: What constitutes a muckraker?

Quick write/admit slip: What is the link between progressiveness and muckrakers?

Respond on google classroom




Activity 3

How  to read a political cartoon

https://docs.google.com/document/d/18ds8V6LN4YQ5XGBtwckPfe7ohmj8lMVpFtuzh0yxUGQ/edit?usp=sharing  What to look for in a political cartoon.




Activity 4              Progressive Centers      Let's analyze a combination of articles, political cartoons, pictures, primary sources and more to gain an understanding of the goals - strategies - outcomes of progressive era reforms. 


progressives believe in.pdf  Outlined reading on what progressives believe in. 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/16QoOmJUZGg0j32SkWONQ3MwA4NtpOkrUuai-s4ESBEk/edit?usp=sharing organizer for what progressives believe.


View the following Centers and identify the Progressive Era Reforms.

Do these 5 centers



Question: Why do we need progressivism or reform? What constitutes progressivism? 

Center 1

Urban Problems

http://www.ushistory.org/us/38b.asp Urban life

 How the Other Half Lives article

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mDmpUaFoGqUoGT9enR72GqpZKQRdAN67esAdt7KAq0Y/edit?usp=sharing Political cartoon immigration

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/riseind/city/ Article on Urbanization

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1o2ztz5KR6aTysDYeSW2Fsr-Ki0tJT6Xvb-9ari5Xvv4/edit?usp=sharing dumbbell tenements


Center 2

Regulation of Business

http://www.ehow.com/about_5465763_government-regulate-businesses.html Article on why we regulate businesses 

 USHistory.org Trust Busting article on trusts

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c6x8lQPNDET4HIFg7dJoAvHPeVgF9dIhy48dfsZHj1Y/edit?usp=sharing Trust busting 




Center 3


 USHistory.org Conservation article
​Library of Congress Conservation article

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zbOEjGz-GvtvgbYFEjOMniW9Q_ngDTwoGH4oxg-vd0k/edit?usp=sharing Conservation Cartoons 


Center 4

Women's Rights

 ​National Women's History Museum Search for articles on many issues with women. Its a museum!
USHistory.org Women's Rights article

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1wEFB3VDyFZ4sRU-4olJVjZrRUZ0F9N3L37B8euxgSWE/edit?usp=sharing political cartoon


Center 5

Food & Drug Safety

 USHistory.org Meat Packing Industry article
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1d9lTtevN00RJ7yqplxgCOgpy58mkW-Y01Qcu4ep45s8/edit?usp=sharing article

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1gRbz3iLt6PH9pw47i3Sc-MztIFRlZduvJKrNRCrbiFo/edit?usp=sharing Meat industry cartoons




Rubric on the 5 centers

2- in all the way on Progressivism

1- in a little but not much on progressivism


Activity 5 Child Labor DBQ

Before there was teenagers, adolescence, and education some children were exploited for their labor. Lets look at Child labor before and during the progressive era.  




Activity 6          Make a trading card of Progressivism

Enduring Question: How progressive was Wisconsin under LaFollette?

Progressive Era Trading Cards 1900.docx This is the activity for all progressives.


Wisconsin Under Robert "Fighting Bob" LaFollette was a leading progressive state. 

Reading 1 http://www.biography.com/people/robert-m-la-follette-40226#synopsis Who was Robert LaFollette?


Reading 2 http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-035/ Robert LaFollette


Progressive "Wisconsin Idea"

Reading 3 Progressivism reading Wisconsin Ideaprintfriendly.pdf Wisconsin Leads the country in progressive politics. past

http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-036/?action=more_essay original version


View today's progressive issues

Reading 4   https://progressive.org 

https://progressive.org/magazine The magazine Championing grassroots progressive politics, civil liberties, human rights, economic justice, a healthy environment, and a reinvigorated democracy.


Create a playing card

How much of a super star was Robert LaFollette in the progressive world?

Create a playing card about Lafollette's accomplishments as a super star progressive. 

Read the above links and pull out the most impressive details of Robert Lafollette and what he accomplished.


What is a trading card? Why are they created?

A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card, usually made out of paperboard or thick paper, which usually contains an image of a certain person, place or thing (fictional or real) and a short description of the picture, along with other text (attacks, statistics, or trivia).[1] There is a wide variation of different types of cards. Modern cards even go as far as to include swatches of game worn memorabilia, autographs, and even DNA hair samples of their subjects.

Trading cards are traditionally associated with sports; baseball cards are especially well-known. Cards dealing with other subjects like Pokémon are often considered a separate category from sports cards, known as non-sports trading cards. These often feature cartoons, comic book characters, television series and film stills. In the 1990s, cards designed specifically for playing games became popular enough to develop into a distinct category, collectible card games. These tend to use either fantasy subjects or sports as the basis for game play.


Two sites for creating trading cards.

http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/student-interactives/trading-card-creator-30056.html  Trading card creator

http://www.mypokecard.com/en/ trading card creator (like Pokémon)


Share your cards with others. What were the highlights of La Follette's career?


War on Progressive politics

Reading 5  progressive era Scott Walkers War on Wisconsinprint friendly.pdf Scott walkers war on progressive politics. present

http://progressive.org/news/2015/02/187987/scott-walkers-war-wisconsin Original version

progressive Wisconsin State Government organizer.docx

Is Wisconsin still Progressive?


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1R3gEgW6y3tcptNlWADuor7QxdOmhadbifgvTbFt1230/edit?usp=sharing Organizer after activity.




Final assessment Progressive Era

Directions: Use the information below to answer the questions in the red link below

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1JF777_mbiv3Ofl1WnVnOZijfEBQlV5pkYKoJgq5bf6E/edit?usp=sharing Use this organizer for assessment


Progressive Era differentiation blue final.docx Differentiated version by teacher permission only.



Henry Ford quote:

 "The job of the Industrialist is to make the highest goods possible, at the lowest cost possible, while paying the highest wages possible" ~Ford


With Henry Ford's great generosity towards his workers, his business grew rapidly and wealthy. He also did not discriminate based on race. ... Henry Ford was an industrialist and a social progressive who greatly influenced American history in the 20th century



Part  1       Prohibition

  • Essential question: What constitutes progressivism? What matters, why does it matter, how do we know? 


Use the resources below and complete the section on prohibition.

  Alcohol Prohibition Was a Failure


Prohibition Images (Google Search)


Prohibition Resources (articles, images and more)


 Brewing and Prohibition 


 America Goes Dry with Prohibition (video)










   Part 2 Women's Rights

Big question: What constitutes progressivism? What matters, why does it matter, how do we know? 

Use the resources below and complete the Women's rights section.

 Why Do Women Still Earn Less Than Men?


 Women's History in America


 Woman's Rights (Google Image Search)


 Woman's Suffrage in WI


 Introduction to Women in the Progressive Era


 Click here to access two videos (password clue: Where are you?)












part 3- Business Regulation


BIG QUESTION:What constitutes progressivism? What matters, why does it matter, how do we know? 

 Is business regulation punishing entrepreneurial success?




The Muckraker vs. the Millionaire


The Birth of Big Business


History of monopolies in the United States.


USDOJ- Antitrust Division


About Antitrust


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1V_2neIi-SPNMeTuhklMvMdv8pCjUYC0IPqKErBNcj6k/edit?usp=sharing Beef trust cartoon
















Part 4- Food Safety




Is it the government's responsibility to keep food safe or the free market?






















Part 5-Child Labor


BIG QUESTION:What constitutes progressivism? What matters, why does it matter, how do we know? 


Are Child Labor Laws progressive or are they an infringement on civil liberties?







    Photographs of Child Labor:  1900-1937- Open the link to photographs of child labor.  Pick your favorite picture.  What do you like about it?  What inferences can you make about child labor by studying the photographs?






















Part 6-Conservation


BIG QUESTION:What constitutes progressivism? What matters, why does it matter, how do we know? 


What is the right balance between conservation and economic development?








Progressive Era Centers new.docx  both sets of questions red and blue





When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand why there was a Progressive Era.

2. understand how the issues were exposed and changed because of muckraking journalism?

3. apply how progressivism is still relevant today?











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