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Westward Migration NEW

Page history last edited by Tom Armstrong 6 months, 3 weeks ago

Western Expansion

As the U.S. expands beyond the Mississippi River, socially, politically, and economically the country changes as the West develops its own identity

Socially- West develops its own region, culture, and way of life around its growth.

Politically- West breaks away from Northern, Eastern, and Southern politics during and after Civil War.

Economically-West develops its own economic engines like ranching, farming, transportation, merchants, and mining.  

Image result for map of western expansion

What does Jimmy Fallon have to say about Westward Expansion and its importance? Can it be funny?

Jimmy Fallon https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gn2FzuPyFlY Gadsen Purchase


Image result for map of western expansion


Westward Expansion Unit completion chart.docx  When the Unit is completed did you do these?

4 areas of interest 

1. The technology and its role 

2. The economy and its emergence and change

3. The freedoms and its cost

4. The oppressions and forced migrations


 UNIT FOCUS      Why are we doing it?

We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

  1. Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict
  2. Depending on who you ask, cultural growth does not always equal progress




  1. What factors lead people to migrate or move? pushes and pulls.

  2. What are the implications of cultural growth and conflict?

 "It is important to understand how societies change, grow and conflict.”


When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand how the western economy and technology was different from the rest of the nation?

2. understand the growth of the west and what effect it had on the nation from freedom to oppression?

3. apply how the west is still a destination today for a better or different way of life?


Westward Expansion

  1. Manifest Destiny

  2. Homestead Act

  3. 36 30 line

  4. Transcontinental Railroad

  5. Dawes Act

  6. Trail of Tears

  7. Exodusters

  8. Boom Town

  9. Ghost Town

  10. Technological Innovation




Manifest Destiny 

Manifest- clear or obvious to the eye or mind.

Destiny- the events that will necessarily happen to a particular person or thing in the future.

"she was unable to control her own destiny"

  • the hidden power believed to control what will happen in the future; fate.


Activity 1:   What is Manifest Destiny? Do you have a manifest destiny in your personal life?

Read one of the following articles and complete the Frayer Model Sheet as you read. 


Google DOC on Manifest Destiny 




What is its origin?

The term manifest destiny originated in the 1840s. It expressed the belief that it was Anglo-Saxon Americans’ (White, European) ultimate mission to expand their civilization and institutions across North America. This expansion would involve not merely territorial expansion but the progress of liberty and individual economic opportunity as well.

‘Our manifest destiny is to overspread the continent for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.’ The term and the concept were taken up by those desiring to secureOregon Territory,California, Mexican land in the Southwest, and, in the 1850s, Cuba. Originally a partisan Democratic issue, ‘manifest destiny’ gained Republican adherents as time passed. By the end it had become the nation’s ‘manifest destiny’ to extend its influence beyond its continental boundaries into the Pacific and Caribbean basins.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UlszTacqsSc 7 minute video of Manifest destiny


               Manifest Destiny Rap


 Exit: one verse of rap on Manifest Destiny


https://classicreload.com/oregon-trail.html# Play the Game Oregon Trail to see practice of Western Expansion 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1AKr6PS1srNOy01KGAkiPQcJrbGPdgzgIf132t9kOyds/edit?usp=sharing Westward Game organizer


Westward Expansion- Why the push from one area of the country and the pull to the west?

-eastern workers


-southern whites

-northern whites

-Native Americans 




Activity 2: Homesteaders: Inferences about Western Expansion and who the Western Settler was.  

   Exodusters? Buffalo Soldiers?Homesteaders? Who were they and why did they get pulled and pushed west ?


Big Questions: Who and Why did people move west?


We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.



   Intro: Who settled in the west? What picture or pictures in your mind symbolizes the role?


Do the Organizer below after the readings

Reading 1 westward Exodusters pdf.pdf  exodusters

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/the-gilded-age/american-west/a/the-homestead-act-and-the-exodusters second reading on exodusters 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1i7R3kOmyerOUANdFgyLrCug6tWqW13VVHKPO5m1j_lM/edit?usp=sharing organizer on Exodusters 

   Exoduster Picture and paragraph 

By 1879 of the "Great Exodus", 50,000 freedmen known as Exodusters had migrated from the South to escape poverty and racial violence following whites' regaining political control across the former Confederacy. They migrated to Kansas, Missouri, Indiana and Illinois seeking land, better working conditions and the chance to live in peace. Part of Topeka, Kansas was known as "Tennessee Town" because of many migrants from that state.  Many white Kansans began to object to the arrival of so many desperately poor blacks into their state. Few stepped forward to defend the Exodusters' right to try to make better lives in the American West. 

Refugees on levee, April 17, 1897, photo by Carroll's Art Gallery

As a class: Using your organizers or your sketches, discuss the western settlers.

1. Why did people move west?

2.  How did Western Expansion fuel conflicts for homesteaders both Black and White?

3. Did Western Expansion create progress socially, politically, or economically for the western settler? 


Reading 2 
http://www.louisdiggs.com/buffalo/history.html Buffalo soldier.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1BsXHfI1os6ZM9IrFROygA9NVAKf-_wO3t1JEAmIFmt4/edit?usp=sharing Buffalo soldier organizer 

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WbcxZM32ZrQ  6:15 video on Buffalo soldiers a legacy of the frontier

Bob Marley song and video  on Buffalo soldiers http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMUQMSXLlHM

Organizer on Exodusters and Buffalo soldiers https://docs.google.com/document/d/1k69wwLi9bWG52Wsl2LyWdZBNNK6ww5_WeOS2XufGgGw/edit?usp=sharing  

Discuss the organizers with the class what you learned about each of the western settlers. 



Sketching your way through the text    


 1.  Get a paper and pencil.

 2.  Draw simple pictures to highlight main ideas of the western settler. One picture for each works if detailed.

 3 . Read the links and decide on the most important details you would like to use to draw a picture symbolizing the people and what they encountered in the west.

.  Use a sequence of sketches that are simple and quick to highlight the main ideas of growth or conflict with the western settler. Ability not the focus but ideas are most important.

5.  Show your sketches to classmates or for viewing by the whole class.




 Exit: State how you learned something new that you could tell your grandchildren about the fate of the west and its inhabitants?


 Organizer for push/pull factors



 Watch the videos, observe what you see in the pictures on Westward Expansion. After the videos, make an inference about western expansion that includes any one of the following Questions:

What leads people to migrate?

What technology helps them to migrate?

Who is affected by the migration?


Wheeler surveys- How did it help settle the west? 

The Wheeler Survey was a survey of a portion of the U.S. lying west of the 100th meridian. It comprised multiple expeditions, and was supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montage Wheeler. 

Wheeler led early expeditions from 1869 to 1871 in the west, and in 1872 the U.S. congress authorized an ambitious plan to map the portion of the United States west of the 100th meridian at a scale of 8 miles to the inch. This plan necessitated what became known as the Wheeler Survey. The survey's main goal was to make topographic maps of the southwestern United States.

In addition he was to ascertain everything related to the physical features of the region; discover the numbers, habits, and disposition of Indians in the section; select sites for future military installations; determine facilities available for making rail or common roads; and note mineral resources, climate, geology, vegetation, water sources, and agricultural potential.


section is 640-320-160-80-40-20-10-5 acres

https://docs.google.com/document/d/11oRjslvuoV7Q7k7Bm3K4TxRM_cOQ-IFUBZBmFSQxpGA/edit?usp=sharing Example of a plat map


Homestead Acts- How did it fuel the migration to the west?

The Homestead Act was a law passed by Congress in 1862 that granted 160 acres of federal land to any U.S. citizen. An individual was given ownership of the land for free if that person lived on the land for five years and improved the land by building a home and producing a crop.


Reading 3

DBQ on Homesteading Question: 

Question for DBQ:

How did the homestead Act fuel the growth of the west?





https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FfoQBTPY7gk Video Elbow Room 4:12


2.Go Westerly Man video

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qyi3smfm4qs Go westerly man, 10 min video slide show of toys, magazine, book covers.


Make an inference on western expansion -a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1v0y0wFh8i_mKdtyg_KE6jQEWywE98U36Ehf_BM9MHB8/edit?usp=sharing Was Homesteading worth the risk?


What factors lead people to migrate or move? How does it change how they act? How does it affect how others act?Think like an historian.     

 Technology -Pull Factor - 
New Technology Sparks the Flame!

We know that new technology makes it possible for people to move. So, what was the new technology that made it possible...or safer or worth it...to travel west in American history?

  • Dry farming or farming methods of arid regions
  • Wheat farming, grain farming, or other crops
  • Steel Plow and other field preparation to grow crops
  • Sod houses and architecture of farms
  • Wind Mills, water, and irrigation systems
  • Water Turbine, Steam Boats, Steam Engines 
  • Types of animals to ranch and farm with in the west.
  • Medicines, health, and wellness for pioneers
  • Air Brakes, tunneling, or technology to move through mountains
  • Mechanical Reaper and other harvesting equipment
  • Barbed Wire, fencing, and other farm/ranching techniques
  • Telegraph and communication
  • Railroads, engines, cars, and tracks.
  • Surveying and land division
  • Mining equipment, tools, and structures
  • Mining techniques, types, and ore.

It is your job to work with a small group to explore one of these new developments that helped open the West to Americans and immigrants from around the world. You will create a short visual presentation to share with the class. Your presentation will include:

  • Description of the technology/development --> What was it? Who invented it? What did it do? How did it help open the West? Think who, what, where, when, and why it matters.
  • At least one picture with an explanation of what we are looking at
  • A map showing where it was most important. 
  • Title, names of group members,  

​Use the two sources below to get started!



Source 1   http://www.fasttrackteaching.com/ffap/Unit_2_Westward/U2_adaptations_inventions_plains.html 

Source 2  http://sslenz.weebly.com/uploads/3/8/3/0/38306819/technology_advancements.pdf 


Put your work on this slide show. 

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Ls2wqkwclvGHhNvXBtOc5qqAWopEDGH1w8on1gh7Yf0/edit#slide=id.p class 1

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1CFjUNFzXA803YDV2cis6fm3_RsLJxPu6nzrbAwIBDSk/edit#slide=id.p Class 2

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1t_yKpBuFxo3HngqHSZpOU7IQt8oZAthKN5Vnn_d2Dh8/edit?usp=sharing class 3

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1yAPo2lLy4_AKHtHCozMIh9wQComu0WToDnJVxFTiRwQ/edit?usp=sharing class 4


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1opigPDlaPKXblCkkIDVrY1ClEdEGdt5ad8qQPqikVYc/edit?usp=sharing Gallery walk take backs 


Quick Write on Western expansion: Why would you go west as a homesteader?




Activity 3   The Transcontinental Railroad.

We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

  1. Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict
  2. Depending on who you ask, cultural growth does not always equal progress



Economic growth has its consequences and fuels conflict. What is one cause? Why did it happen?

A railway town, or railroad town, is a settlement that originated or was greatly developed because of a railway station or junction at its site.


We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

transcontiental railroad pdf.pdf

Read the Primary source above and answer the questions on the Googledoc below



8 part activity on how western expansion fueled growth and conflict.




Quick write: Use a statement about the direction of the impact of the TCRR in regards to western expansion, list 5 pieces of evidence supporting that direction, How it negatively impacted the west and a conclusion about its impact.

How did the TCRR contribute to the growth and conflict of the West?

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Jrhp6K9KP5irrP7b5qaMjYE33IHHb0NsEcv3RNxlEXk/edit?usp=sharing Class 1

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Mg0itXL3XLNCGpuPkBR3nAjgCJy_2WUhQ29OXY5Me1s/edit?usp=sharing Class 2

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1w-re5qhpmuhLvvkzZcp4l9AJf_Goh0N5TUuxqcysGzs/edit?usp=sharing Class 3

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10JiObzmFWqi0DndE10iJrL1gRff-K7jltb5x8y45ng4/edit?usp=sharing Class 4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q16OZkgSXfM 12:20 minutes John Greene on the not so wild west.


DBQ on the TCRR




Activity 4             Economics in the West develops differently than the rest of the country.

Unit focus: Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict

Big Question: The western economy develops?



1.Read about the job in the assigned article below individually.

2.Find characteristics describing what life was like in with this way of life in the west. How did one get into the occupation. How did the western economy develop it differently from other areas of the U.S.? ( hardships, lifestyle, job duties, recruiting influences, key ideas)

3. Write down your findings on making a living in the west and how that economy developed.

4. Create a slide on a google presentation

5. Further research how the economy grew in the west from your article.

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1sHoQveSfgBDKW7D__R_fV1e73fFIMop-RXHF2Pc84MA/edit Class 1 

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1q-FuilMS1KdtFRZ4-T7Xv8Ct29VBmhz9HxfECp-VV3Q/edit Class 2

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1hWuuBMJZ7oIBB2DcvT1uv0UmMFLBc9oC11b_btBhQD4/edit?usp=sharing Class 3

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1OodYCUGQNymJy2nkp25U7R-5vj1V-GLqQTpuJCxmWxQ/edit?usp=sharing Class 4

Create slides and include on each slide:

  • Topic 1: Explain why people would move. Push (Conditions in East) and pulls to the west.

  • Topic 2: Advertisements, pictures or cartoons of economic opportunities related to your topic in the west. Recruiting for Jobs, better way of life, new technology, etc.

  • Topic 3: Explain the prosperity or hardships on the subject of your article. cartoons, pictures of Successes? Failure to live up to promises?

  • Topic 4: Quotes or statements supporting jobs, technologies, or a promotion to improve life or have success in the west.

  • Topic 5: Make the Connection between how the west grew as a separate economic, cultural, and social area. Discuss why it was different from the rest of the U.S. and today how it still is the same.

  • Topic 6: What hardship or failure happened to this part of the economy that it did or did not recover from? 

6. Present to class

Rubric for economics of the West.docx 



Job 1 Ranching

http://www.ushistory.org/us/41b.asp  Life of the cowboy

https://www.history.com/topics/westward-expansion/cowboys Who were the Cowboys?

https://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/slatta/cowboys/essays/front_life2.htm go to ranching part


Job 2 Farming

http://www.ushistory.org/us/41c.asp Life on the farm

https://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/slatta/cowboys/essays/front_life2.htm go to farming part


Job 3 Landowner 

http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/landrush.htm Oklahoma land rush

https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/american-history-series-settlers-rush-to-claim-western-land-90841054/115787.html western settlers claim land.


Job 4  Mining and minerals

http://www.ushistory.org/us/41a.asp mining boom in the west

https://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/slatta/cowboys/essays/front_life2.htm go to mining part


Job 5 Working on the Railroad and in transportation

http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/goldenspike.htm Golden spike


Job 6 Merchants or other salesmen

merchants and Snake Oil Salesmen.pdf  Snake oil salesmen

Snake Oil Salesmen article.pdf


Job 7 Market hunters- Era of exploitation of wild life

https://www.thevintagenews.com/2019/05/19/punt-gun/ waterfowl harvesting

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-two-women-ended-the-deadly-feather-trade-23187277/ feather trade

https://www.wiscontext.org/wisconsin-and-extinction-passenger-pigeon extinction of the passenger pigeon



Job 8 Forest Products

https://www.americanforests.org/about-us/history/ history of forest service.



Quick write: Use a statement, evidence, conclusion.

How did the growth of the Western economy contribute to the worst economic crisis in the U.S. up to the great depression? 

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1bYyrhaJYJaedWenhm27SqBM7dhC7vOhHhf9tsRq98P8/edit?usp=sharing Use this slide for outline. 



Activity 5    Gold Rush Simulation:  More on economics and the west grew differently than the rest of the nation.

Unit focus: Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.    

Gold was a push/pull to the west. Examples?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0KjeUDoqxY 4:00 Gold rush video

Gold Rush- Basic Facts.pptx

8 things you may not know about the California Gold Rush.docx

Gold Rush- guided notes revised (1).docx

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/sfeature/game_swf.html Choose a character and  participate in the California Gold Rush.


Exit: What did you learn about the gold rush and how it had an impact on western expansion?



Activity 6, 7 ,8           The Good, Bad, and the Ugly

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Pegm6T8Ee33e12qEwiDlBCquCqQ7c3iKS1bgvZsbTDE/edit?usp=sharing combined for stations


Activity 6        Economic Collapse

The Economic Crisis of 1893 is the first and is similar to other collapses in U.S. history.

Macro Economics

The difference between micro and macro economics is simple. Microeconomics is the study of economics at an individual, group or company level. Macroeconomics, on the other hand, is the study of a national economy as a whole. 




We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

  1. Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict
  2. Depending on who you ask, cultural growth does not always equal progress



Read the paragraph on railroads below.

What caused the nations first big economic crisis? How is it similar to other economic declines? Do the organizer as you read and after your done.




Railroad Over expansion is one cause of Economic collapse in 1893. Housing over investment in Crisis in 2008.


Railroad construction had been the lifeblood of the U.S. economy since the end of the Civil War. Individuals, speculators, and banks invested heavily in railroads, with many of them investing beyond their means in the hopes that the payoff would cover the debts. Like the housing crisis of the early 2000s, too many people borrowed too much and expanded too fast using credit from banks rather than tangible capital (Cash). Eventually supply outweighed demand, and the market could no longer sustain such a high volume of railroad construction on borrowed money. Moreover, many railroads were financed through either questionable means or through the federal government (i.e., taxpayers), just as the housing market is primarily financed through the government (taxpayers) (i.e., Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac) today.

Even worse, the overabundance of silver led to the closure of several western silver mines. These closures forced western railroads serving the mining towns to close. When the railroad bubble burst, economic chaos ensued, much like the bursting of the housing bubble (overabundance of housing) in the 2000s.

Prominent railroads declared bankruptcy, including the Northern Pacific, the Union Pacific, the Reading, and the Erie. With less railroad construction came less need for steel manufacturing, and 32 steel companies closed their factories. Banks closed on over borrowing to RR investors and ran out of money.  Construction and manufacturing ground to a halt, and the depression arrived in full force in June 1893.





Activity 7

Economics and politics merge in the West - Populism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Uq7znXhOlI 4:30 Taylor Swift parody on Populism 

Vocabulary: Populism- a late 19th century political movement seeking to advance the interests of Farmers, ranchers, miners, and laborers. It was a split of the Democrat wing in south and west.


1.What is populism? Read the link on Populism. Pick out one main idea about how populism grew from conflicts in the west and why it was formed.

 http://www.ushistory.org/us/41d.asp-  link on populism 

Frayer model on populism

 frayer_model populism.doc  (Use with the link on populism)


Populism and agrarian_movements.pptx Example to Review the western economy and the growth of Populism in the west.



 Activity 8


Does the Wizard of Oz show conflict in the west towards the East and South? 


We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

  1. Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict
  2. Depending on who you ask, cultural growth does not always equal progress


Big Question for activity:  Is the Wizard of Oz a fairytale or an economic and political statement of western populist conflict?


 The Wizard of Oz as a Parable of Populism




In 1964 Henry Littlefield, a high school History teacher, published a paper describing his theory that L. Frank Baum's Wizard of Oz was inspired by the Populist movement in the 1890's. DO you agree?



 Comparison chart- Using the video clips, discussion, readings and your own research, match the populist ideas and how they tied western conflicts to the movie The Wizard of Oz      


Do this Matching activity  

Wizard of Oz and Western References.doc Characters and the historic event they are associated with.             


Do this CAMP Activity

 Link on economic and political struggles of west.  

CAMP with the Oz

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qBxRul21tnL4BL_MLUWt8JVY83RXazNZjZ8520nTfGw/edit?usp=sharing Use this Google DOC on CAMP


Application to today?

Last nights Democratic debate for president 2015

Bernie Sanders, who has remained loyal to his progressive ideals, has authenticity by virtue of continuity.

Hillary Clinton on the other hand has been fickle at best and a conservative in sheep’s clothing at worst.

But the race doesn’t feature a populist pitted against a liberal. It shows two politicians, both populists, expressing their populism in different modes.


Populism, by definition, is the support of the rights of the powerless against the elite. Segregationist Alabama Governor George Wallace, who infamously resisted federal integration policies, is an example of a right-wing populist. Bernie Sanders, waging a crusade against the financial sector in a bid to close the income gap, is rhetorically left wing. But what connects Sanders and Wallace isn’t just that both, in their differing ways, rail against what they perceive as the Goliath of overwhelmingly powerful interests. They also stake out positions that, ironically, struggle to muster mainstream appeal. When Wallace ran a third-party, dark-horse campaign for president in 1968 he only received 13.5 percent of the vote. And Sanders, despite his recent surge, still trails Hillary Clinton in polls. Even in an election cycle that pundits claim is defined by the issue of economic mobility, Sanders, the populist who has been beating the redistribution drum the longest, is still a long shot.

What DOES the populist candidate stand for? A big question is where does their money come from? The powerful or the powerless?



Activity 9                                          Cowboys and Indians

Did the Cowboys fight the Indians? Myths vs reality.


How were Cowboys portrayed in the west?

The American Cowboy - Legend or Reality?



Indian Policies    "Trade" to "Trail of Tears" to "Dawes Act" 

Big question: As America moved west how did it affect the Indians?

By 1878 see what the U.S. government had planned for the tribes.  Policy of "Only Good Indian is a Dead Indian" was replaced by Assimilation " Kill the Indian save the Man" .

Reality: It was the government not the Cowboys that fought the Indians


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CnpRwT_EuMRBqpuaXW_jH6wztsBmGAJlwyBYw1Bea4U/edit?usp=sharing  Organizer on the Cowboys and the Indians.


https://time.com/5681533/native-americans-underground-railroad/?xid=tcoshare Did the Indians help the slaves move North on the Underground RR? Read on.


Name the Terror game

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/14p0x-mgMDdMiPWnI2EoJhTJ7_yr_hkbnou6tKmBHp58/edit#slide=id.p slide show with different hardships the homesteaders faced. 


Study Stackhttps://www.studystack.com/EditData2.jsp?studyStackId=3106528 west vocabulary


   When unit is over can you...?

3 formative assignments

1. understand how the western economy was different from the rest of the nation?

2. understand the growth of the west and what effect it had on the nation?

3. Apply how the west is still a destination today for a better or different way of life?


Final assessment for Western Expansion 

Question: Is the West still a destination like Manifest Destiny called people west in the past? 


How did Westward Expansion fuel cultural growth and conflict? Today it is the same as in the past.


 *Infrastructure- roads, bridges, RR, phone, water, city planning, housing.

Economic opportunity- jobs, making a living, opportunities to make it, upward mobility.

New Technology- make life easier, make it by surviving, 

Push/pull factors- reason to move

*symbolism of western culture and hardship from literature, books, movies, tv shows, songs, etc.

*Conflicts: Oppression, forced migration, assimilation

Conclusion:  Does cultural growth equal progress?:


Recruit a Western settler (in the past and today). Make that connection between past and present! What is the same and what is different about Western migration? THINK LIKE AN HISTORIAN!



You now know why people move (pushes and pulls) and we have many examples from US History to prove it. Look at the stories about western expansion. You also know that all migrations do not benefit everyone involved and there are many cultural implications, conflicts, good and bad, of human migration. Just like people moved during Westward Expansion, people today still move for better opportunities, to escape oppression,  and because they need to. The movement doers not always equal progress for all. It influences the natural resources and the people who live there.  Many of the same problems repeat themselves. It is up to you to show the connection between the past and the modern world and how the west is still a destination with consequences..


Task: Tell the story of the west as a destination using an instagram, with a positive, negative, and /or neutral spin on it.


We looked at the west from its history. Use it 

Read about western expansion today. Use it

           1.Use the articles below to learn about some modern day western growth.  Make the connection between the past in the west and relate it to cultural growth and conflict in North Dakota (the West) today.

Article one

westward expansion N D Desperate For Workers To Fill Empty Jobs.pdf Boom in oil attracts people to North Dakota

Article two

Westward expansion NDakota article.pdf  Dakota bust as oil plummets

Article three

west Tribal environmental director We are not equipped for ND oil boom.pdf  Native American reservation not ready for boom


           2. Reflect on all the readings and activities about the west as a destination and how that growth is not always positive for all.

We are studying how Westward Expansion fueled cultural growth and conflict.

  1. Technology leads to economic opportunity and/or conflict
  2. Depending on who you ask, cultural growth does not always equal progress


           3.  Create an instagram to represent the positive and negatives of cultural growth and conflict in the West/North Dakota (today and past). Highlight why it is a destination for those looking to grow and prosper. Save regularly


instagram_template (1).pptx  Use this Google PP doc to demonstrate western migration. 



Instagram checklist 


Helpful Hints


 Use BOTH articles and reference your organizers and reading to create your infographic.

 Use the rubric to ensure you have all of the necessary information. 


   Rubric- Western Expansion Instagram   







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